The Guardian Broadcast

"Providing Concealed Carry & Armed Self-Defense Wisdom."

A podcast by Patrick Kilchermann, founder of the Concealed Carry University.


"REQUIRED READING: Where Fight and Flight END;  HOW TO (and WHY to) Condition Your Draw Stroke"


Perhaps the most important Guardian Broadcast yet -- it's long, but please take the time on this one. IS YOUR DRAW STROKE CONDITIONED YET? Has it been *properly* conditioned?

The Guardian BroadcastPatrick Kilchermann
00:00 / 01:04

Listen using the audio player above OR read the text transcript of this podcast below.

Note: 100% accuracy on text transcription is not guaranteed.

Last week, I introduced an important concept. It was the idea that the Fight, Flight, and Freeze reactions that we talk about as occurring at a subconscious, biological level within our bodies in response to sudden danger only last for a very short moment, and with the critical conclusion therefore being, that where these responses leave off, intentional, conscious action must take over and carry you through the danger.


I’d like to discuss this a little bit more this week. But let me begin by saying that within this Broadcast I state a few conclusions that all private and police Guardians would – in my opinion – do very well to incorporate into their training. I think these conclusions will save lives.


So: The biological responses to danger, our life-saving animal instincts, generally only last for a couple of seconds. Beyond that, it’s as if we are “left hanging,” if you will. It’s as if our animal instincts perform some sporadic action for one, two, or three OODA cycles – which could be roughly 1, 2, or 3 seconds – and then these animal instincts say: Whew! That was intense. Welp! That’s all I know how to do. Good luck! I hope you don’t die!”


Now, sometimes our biological responses are enough to save you – end of story. For example:


In terms of FIGHTING, it may be enough to reactively slap away a snake that drops in front of our faces. That’s the FIGHT response doing its job, and having it be enough: Before we realized what happened, that snake is flying through the air. Or, it may be enough for that same response to shield our faces with our hands in the split second before a baseball line-drive was about to take our teeth out – and yes, this face-block response fits into the fight category, as we’ll discuss in a moment.


In terms of FLIGHT, or running away, the biological response may be enough, where we take 3 of the fastest leaps we’ve ever taken in our lives to get out of the path of a speeding car, before our conscious mind even realizes what we’re doing. Or, to jump 4 feet backward from an angry rattlesnake after you casually flip over a rock looking for worms.


Again: Sometimes, the biological FIGHT, FLIGHT, FREEZE response is enough in and of itself to bail us completely out of trouble, and we don’t need to do much beyond it in order to save our skins.


However, for much of the danger we face, the split second responses given to us by our biology and subconsciouses are not enough. And in those situations, which include nearly 100% of the times our lives will be threatened by a human being, intentional, skilled, trained, and effective action must take over IMMEDIATELY once our instinctive reactions leave off, and this intentional action must carry us through that dangerous situation… if we want to win and/or survive.


So, consider everything that I’ve just said, the end of Part 1 of this week’s broadcast, with the primary lesson being: Our biological, super-human aid will last for 1, 2, or 3 seconds. Probably 1 or 1.5 seconds in a healthy human being. Beyond that, survival will be up to YOU. You will have to be switched on. You’ll have to move your legs and arms, and win.


Now, Part 2’s lesson is this: In my observation, the FREEZE response behaves differently than the FIGHT or FLIGHT responses. In fact, the difference is so stark that I now don’t think of it as FIGHT, FLIGHT, FREEZE any longer – but instead as either ACTION or INACTION. These are now how I define our body’s automatic response to danger. Where Fight and Flight fall beneath ACTION, and FREEZE falls beneath INACTION. And the big take-aways here are these:


1. ACTION is always preferred against a human threat.

2. Other than bear attacks and perhaps bullies on the playground, or perhaps just before hitting ground in the event of a parachute failing to deploy, where a relaxed body has a better chance of survival, I can’t think of ANY times when INACTION, or the FREEZE response, is a good thing.

3. Furthermore, while the ACTION responses seem to snap into action and last for just a second or two, the INACTION response seems to be a prolonged, locked-up, literally frozen state that lasts until the external danger source (the source/stimuli that caused the INACTION response to begin with) has left the scene. Meaning that FIGHT OR FLIGHT will only last for a second or two before we regain control of our bodies (if not entirely of our minds, as we’ve talked about so many times), but the FREEZE response can last for dozens of seconds, or even minutes in some extreme cases of bear attacks that I’ve read about.


4. Lastly, I want to introduce something else here. Another place where I believe the FIGHT, FLIGHT, FREEZE concept misses the boat is that it doesn’t at all account for one of humanity’s most valuable biological, instinctive responses: the SCREAM. The guttural, throat-shredding scream. Women do this, children do this, and men do this. And make no mistake: it is a life saver. The scream is a life saver, and so it surprises me that this has never been factored in before. However, within my proposed ACTION and INACTION model, the scream absolutely has a permanent home within the ACTION response catalogue. Screaming is action, and a woman or child who is physically frozen but who is screaming is still executing a life-saving ACTION response. We’ll talk more about this in a bit.


So that’s Part 2 of this Broadcast. Part 1’s goal was to make it clear that the ACTION responses will only last for a second or two or three, and beyond that, solving the problem will be up to our conscious minds and bodies; and since complex thought and action is, as we know, very difficult in extreme situations – that means it is TRAINING which must kick in. TRAINING has to take over where biological response leaves off.


In other words, we can think of what we’ll do to defend ourselves when we’re being attacked as being divided up into two components: Our Unconscious, physiological reaction to an attack, and our Intentional, training or skill-based reaction to an attack. Our unconscious reaction encompasses everything that happens in the first 1 or 2 seconds – the effective autopilot biological response. And then, there’s the Intentional, skill and training based reaction. The things we have to do, once FIGHT or FLIGHT ends, in order to save our lives.


Now, let’s begin Part 3 of this Broadcast, which simply proposes the following lesson: BIOLOGICAL ACTION RESPONSES ARE ALMOST ALWAYS HELPFUL, but some are far, far more helpful than others.

You see, we’ve just talked about how the FREEZE response is almost never beneficial when encountering a human threat. Why? Because of the two things we know about nearly all violent individuals: (1) They attack with WEAPONS and (2) They attack in situations where they stand a chance of getting what they want and getting away.


Please note that even suicidal active shooters fit within this definition, because they go to where they get what they want (lots of victims; movie theaters, malls, playgrounds, classrooms), and they search for them in a place that gives them the greatest odds of “getting away,” which for them means suicide on their terms, by their hands (meaning: they go someplace where the victims are unlikely to fight back).


Since they use weapons, that means they either need line of sight to threaten or hit you with bullets, or they need proximity to threaten or injure you with a melee weapon. Well, ANY of the ACTION responses make it more difficult for your attacker to use a weapon against you, and the ACTION responses also attract attention, threatening to expose your attacker’s crime to the public. However, the INACTION response – freezing – gives your attacker MORE privacy and MORE proximity and MORE line of sight. To put it another way, within my “heat” model for causing an attacker to disengage, where the situation must reach a certain “temperature,” ACTION responses cause FRICTION, while the INACTION response does not cause friction. Within this abstract, conceptual view of combat, ANY movement or ACTION-response causes friction, it raises the “temperature” of the situation, which contributes to your attacker breaking off his attack.


The “heat” model works because of the reality that 95% of fights are, as all serious Concealed Carry University scholars know, ended psychologically rather than physically. In other words, imagine an “ideal” attacker who is charging you from 35 feet with a ball bat raised above his head, screaming that he’s going to kill you. You draw and begin firing into center mass. Study-and-Observation derived statistics prove that 95% of the time, that attacker will decide to call his attack off, because you have subjected him to more risk than he’s willing to accept in order to ‘get from you what he wants’ (i.e., your phone, your life, revenge, the experience of killing- it could be anything).


Even if he’s shot 6 times, it will still be his decision that will cause him to end his attack in 95% of circumstances. That’s because physically-disabling hits (pelvis-shatter, spine hits, brain hits) are extraordinarily rare in a 1.6 second-long, blurry, disorienting self-defense situation. These hits are almost always ‘luck’ when they happen, as a result of firing many shots into center mass or at the head as quickly as the shooter can. Roughly 5% of the time a fight is ended, it is because the attacker literally “fought to his death”. In all other cases, even when the attacker collapses and dies shortly after being hit – we find that the attacker disengaged and turned away, ran away, ran out the door, or even escaped before succumbing to his wounds.


And therefore perhaps one of the next “big ideas” that I’m going to introduce you to, in a later Broadcast, is the reality that the more of these biological action responses we can combine into an explosive reaction, the better – precisely because of their effect on an attacker’s psychological will to continue his attack, and the reality that the earlier ‘explosive reaction’ is applied, the greater the exponential impact that action has on the attacker’s psychological will.


And so again: BIOLOGICAL ACTION RESPONSES ARE ALMOST ALWAYS HELPFUL, but some are far, far more helpful than others.


Okay… now, let’s bring all three of these lessons together for what could be the most practical and important piece of advice, or instruction, or wisdom that I have for you here as we close the first half of 2016. This piece of wisdom relates to the draw-stroke. And this is big, but it’s going to require me to share a story with you about a time when I nearly drew my handgun on a young man; in fact, my weapon (a GLOCK 19 at that time) was drawn from my pants, but the trigger-guard holster was never popped off. But before I get into that story, here are the conclusions:


1. If we do not condition ourselves to ACTION as our default response to a human threat, which can be done either at a gun range or with simple mental exercises, we run the risk of freezing when we encounter a human threat, and the freeze can last for 3, 5, 10, 20, or 60 seconds or more.


2. Even if we manage to condition ourselves so that ACTION is our default in a dangerous situation, we will still not be able to perform our draw stroke for the 1, 2 or 3 seconds that the ACTION response (fight or flight and/or scream) plays out – that is, UNLESS we ingrain our draw-stroke into our muscle memory.


As a quick example to demonstrate what this second point looks like when a good guy has to “wait” for his biological response to run its course before he can let his training kick in, I’d share a very short story of a particular police dashcam video that I feature on our Master Accuracy information page. In this situation, a police officer is about to ask a pulled over motorist for his driver’s license when the motorist draws a handgun and points it at the officer. Just as with a snake suddenly popping into view, the police officer’s biological response kicked in, his REACTION. What does he do? He uses the flashlight he was holding to reflexively swing at the handgun, and in the same instance his lungs fully deflate with another ACTION response, the scream. He shouts, “GEEZE!” Just BEFORE his flashlight hits the pistol, the motorist presses the trigger. Thank God, the motorist’s handgun failed to fire. The primer of the cartridge in the chamber didn’t detonate! Well, all in one motion, the officer’s flashlight swing is followed up by him uselessly rolling away from the motorist, but still well within his visible line of sight.


It is a biological reflex. We are more vulnerable to the snake at the front of our body: our face, our belly, our genitals are all on the front. Our backs are hard; our shields. So, the officer rolls and turns away. Then you can literally see him, about 2 steps into the roll and maybe 1.5 seconds following the motorist’s pulling of the gun, you can see this officer’s REACTION wear off, and he is beginning to be left in a fully conscious state. It’s as if he’s awakening from a terrible dream – a dream that he’s not entirely sure even happened, now that he’s facing directly away from the motorist’s vehicle. But he’s reminded that it DID happen shortly after, when the motorist finishes clearing his weapon, chambering a new round, and fires his first shot at the officer. By that point, the officer’s faculties have returned, and while I’m sure he could barely remember the names of his kids if you could somehow ask him, his TRAINING – or his ACTION – then kicks in. He rushes to the rear of the motorist’s vehicle while drawing, comes to a full shooting stance, and fires his entire magazine through the rear window while the motorist begins speeding away. The motorist is fatally shot, and his vehicle crashes.


So, what do we observe here? Well, exactly what this second conclusion stated before I got into that story: That even if we manage to condition ourselves so that ACTION is our default in a dangerous situation, we will still not be able to perform our draw stroke for the 1, 2 or 3 seconds that the ACTION response (fight or flight and/or scream) plays out – that is, UNLESS we ingrain our draw-stroke into our muscle memory.


Right? You see, this officer is an absolute hero and a Godsend to all innocent people whom he has protected and will protect. BUT, he is lucky to be alive following his violation of this second conclusion: His draw stroke wasn’t in his muscle memory; it wasn’t in his biological response toolbox. And so, he had to wait until his biological reaction wore off BEFORE he could even access the training portion of his brain and body. Do you see what I mean? Hitting the pistol with his flashlight did nothing to increase his chances of survival, because the hammer fell before the flashlight struck the weapon, and the flashlight didn’t knock the weapon out of the shooter’s hands. And, turning away from the attacker did nothing to increase his chances of survival. The BEST reaction would have been for this officer to grab the shooter’s pistol with his offhand and push it upward, while drawing his own pistol with his primary hand and shooting this guy’s head off its neck at a distance of about 24 inches. That would have solved the problem beautifully. And, this could have easily been possible, IF an offhand deflection and a draw-stroke had been in this officer’s muscle memory, through a bit of repetitious practice. Instead, this officer wasted 3 seconds making himself a great target, and really through luck, survived long enough to be able to leverage his training and solve the problem. Should the officer have had an offhand deflection and draw stroke in his ACTION response catalogue? You tell me: do you think police should be prepared for someone who they just pulled over trying to kill him or her? I think it’s obvious. And so again: even if we manage to condition ourselves so that ACTION is our default in a dangerous situation, we will still not be able to perform our draw stroke for the 1, 2 or 3 seconds that the ACTION response (fight or flight and/or scream) plays out – that is, UNLESS we ingrain our draw-stroke into our muscle memory.

And that brings us to the next lesson:


3. Therefore, ingraining our draw-stroke into our muscle memory FIGHT response, which can really be thought of as “fully automated handgun presentation appropriate given the distance of our threat,” is an extremely important and extremely prudent thing to do.


Why? Because, as the story above shows, if we HAVE our draw stroke in our muscle memory, we literally have a 1 or 1.5 or 2 second advantage over ourselves. That’s because by the time our biological response wears off and our training can kick in, our gun will already be out and ready. Often times, this is a seamless transition from drawing to firing. Think of it like this: if two cars are lining up to drag race, would a 1.5 second jump start be an advantage? Of course. Almost no competitor could ever recover from or overcome such a stunning disadvantage. Well, if you’re ever attacked, you ARE in this sort of drag race – but not against your attacker, instead, against yourself. Against the array of the various versions of yourself ranging from least prepared to most prepared. At one end, there’s the potential version of yourself who has trained for that moment every day. At the other end, there’s the version of yourself who has never trained and doesn’t even carry concealed. Then, there’s all the versions of yourself between. Well, for any given self-defense situation, there will be a cut-off where ALL the versions of yourself who are below a certain skillset or speed WILL NOT SURVIVE. Your goal, then, is to get the training and do the practice that will put you as close to this most prepared and lethal and fast and efficient version of yourself as possible.


And I’m proposing now… ingraining your draw-stroke into your muscle memory, and doing it CORRECTLY which we’ll talk about next, absolutely is one of the best things you can do to put yourself above that survival threshold.


That said, this brings us to the 4th and final point before I get into my own story:


4. We have to condition our draw-strokes CORRECTLY. We cannot just mindlessly draw our handgun 1,000 times inside our homes while watching TV, or while looking out the window. How do we define CORRECTLY conditioning our draw-strokes?


- First, we must follow all the rules of creating muscle memory, where we perform each move with intentionality, never letting our minds wander from what we’re doing.


- Second, we must practice the draw stroke at various distances appropriate to the relative distance of our threat. What I mean is, if the only draw-stroke we ever perform is drawing into a full shooting stance, then we’re going to draw our guns that way even if doing so would put our handguns within grabbing-reach of our attacker’s bodies. And since we stand the greatest chance of having to use our handguns within a 6 foot distance, this mistake will be pretty likely. So, we need to practice standing 3 feet from our targets and drawing a thousand times into the low retention position, while thrusting an arm out against our attackers, while pushing backward to gain some distance. Then, we need to practice drawing into the high retention position against a target at 6 feet, while again moving for distance. And then, we need to of course practice drawing to full shooting stances when our attacker is beyond that.


- Third, we must not condition FIRING, even on an empty chamber during practice, as part of the draw-stroke UNLESS there is an actively lethal stimuli in front of our eyes. Otherwise, what we are doing is making our draw-strokes and trigger press one fluid motion, and this isn’t always warranted. SURE: we should never begin drawing our handguns unless we are faced with a life-threatening situation.


HOWEVER: as the story you’re about to hear shows, it is possible that your dangerous situation will change BETWEEN the reaction to draw AND when firing becomes possible a fraction of a second later. And make no mistake: if you shoot someone who was no longer a lethal threat, you’ve committed murder.


And so again, to summarize this third point: I would recommend that 75% of your draw stroke practice is conducted while looking at a photo-realistic target showing a dangerous, near-lethal (draw-worthy) but ‘NOT EXACTLY LETHAL IN THAT MOMENT’ TARGET, (for example, a mean guy who you can imagine just announced his intent to kill you, who is now drawing his gun – but one who, you can imagine, has stopped drawing as YOU began drawing your gun). And in these situations, don’t press the trigger. Just come to your draw, and stare at the target for a solid 2 seconds, waiting in case he draws that gun, before mentally “resetting” your draw-stroke practice and doing it all over again. Then, in the remaining 25% of your draw stroke practice, conduct your draws while looking at a photo-realistic target that is actively depicting a threat that constitutes an objective, legally and morally, life-threatening situation. For example, a mean looking dude pointing a handgun right at you. When drawing against THIS target, go all the way, press your trigger, and keep pressing it for 2 or 3 seconds – even if your trigger doesn’t reset. You are conditioning the finger movement.


And, those 3 points there, about HOW to ingrain your draw stroke properly and prudently, are really the entire point of this episode of the Guardian Broadcast. Everything else that I’ve talked about or will talk about today emphasizes and supports those 3 points.


Now… to emphasize the importance of prudent draw stroke practice once more, let me share with you the story from my personal life that I wanted to share. I submit to you a time where I have come very close to drawing my gun as part of the FIGHT response.


It began when I was helping a friend who is a heritage beef wholesaler set up for a food and wine convention, and we ended up working late into the afternoon. When we finished all the two-man work related to setting up his booth, he said: “I’m going to stay here and finish – I’ll see you later.” However he told me that the front doors were locked, and that I would need to go out one of the back or side exists and walk around the enormous building to get back to where we’d parked our vehicles. No problem.


Well, I opened the back door and stepped out. Immediately, I see that I’m walking into a small concrete courtyard, maybe 30 yards square, and from this courtyard there was only one exit out to the sidewalk and public: and that exit was, a cement trench maybe 3 feet wide and 5 feet deep. What this trench was, was a long handicap accessible ramp, with 5 feet tall cement walls on either side.  They were retaining walls, because the trench was cut into the grassy ground, and (even though it is clearly not intended and would be socially awkward to do so) you could climb up on the rim of the trench and look down into the wheelchair ramp if you wanted.


Now, I could tell the ramp ran down about 25 feet, then did a 180, and continued its descent to the sidewalk with another 25 feet of wheelchair ramp parallel to the first one, with more 5 foot tall cement walls on either side. So, picture a big U-shaped wheelchair ramp.

Talk about the perfect place for an ambush. The whole place was lit by exterior city lights, because the twilight was setting in. But the kicker was this: there stood this teenage white kid, I’d guess 18 or 19, wearing baggy pants and a ratty black t-shirt. He was standing up on top of this 5 foot wall, at the opening of the wheelchair trench, and he’s staring directly at me. So if you can picture this, he’s standing on top of the trench that I need to walk into in order to leave this little courtyard.

Immediately, I knew something was up with this kid. For one thing, he wasn’t moving a muscle. He had turned to face me as soon as I began opening the door, I knew that, but here just a second or two later, he’s standing perfectly still, facing me square on. Between his lack of any sort of motion and the direct eye contact he was making with me, and the downward tilt of his head, I can tell he’s either not mentally right, or he’s high or low on some drug or alcohol.


Anyway, as I took all this in, the door shut behind me. The clear thing to do was to go back in the building. Find a different way out. Well, I reached back and realized that the door locked behind me. Duh: it was well after business hours, and so the doors were set up to be able to open from the inside, but they were locked tightly from the outside.


What to do?


Call my friend and have him come open the door and let me back in, probably. But, in the moment, I decided that letting on ANY sort of intimidation would not help me, so I acted as if I was checking to make sure the door had locked behind me, as if I were more concerned about the building’s security than my own, and I confidently began walking toward the trench entrance while maintaining direct eye contact with this kid.


I knew that to get into the trench, I would be walking beneath this kid in a way that would allow him to jump down on me. Even if I hugged the opposite wall, I’m only 3 or 3.5 feet from him, and he’s got a huge height and energy advantage.


All these scenarios ran through my head, and I quickly tried to prepare for the best ways on how to react to any of them. He could jump in front of me, jump on me, jump behind me, jump into the neighboring trench that I would have to pass through after rounding the U-shaped trench’s middle, or he could just follow my course while walking along the rim of the trench. OR, obviously, he could pull a gun any time, but something about him told me that if he had anything as valuable as a handgun, it probably would have been sold a while ago. I thought the most likely possibility, if he did anything at all, would be to jump down on me, and use his weight to tackle me.


My plan was to outmaneuver him and get ahead of his jump, leaping the moment I saw him start to move. He would then need a second or two to recover from such a fall, and by then his only choice would be to catch up with me. All I had to do was outrun him to the end of the ramp, which would be no problem for me: my 1 mile personal record is 5 minutes and 55 seconds, and I’m a good sprinter.

Well, as you can imagine, I was delighted when he let me pass. He simply pivoted his feet to stay squared off to me the whole time, and I just kept staring up at him as I walked beneath him. But, he didn’t jump. Whew! Right?


Anyway, I turned my head back forward when I was about 15 feet away from him. That’s because I knew perfectly well that he might be a lookout for 2 or 3 ambushers waiting in the next leg of the trench, and I wanted to get ready for that possibility.


Well, as soon as my head had turned forward, SNAP! That was the sound of rubber shoes clapping loudly in a resounding SNAP as, I knew without even looking, this creep must have jumped down into my trench.


Without a single thought, I began spinning around to face him. Time was at a standstill. Halfway through the spin, before my head jerked around enough to see this kid, I realized that I was making contact with the handle of my GLOCK. Soon I felt the slide easing out of my pants. I remember having the vague idea that if, what I saw when my head and body finished jerking back to face this guy was the image of him charging me, I was going to fire as fast as I could at his head until I scored, hoping to drop him immediately so I could turn back around and engage any partners coming around the corner. That was my plan, and I realized the truth of the idea of ‘things happening too fast to get nervous’. There was no fear or nervousness, there couldn’t have been. There was no time for those chemicals to even have effect. This was all purely mathematical.


Well, my gun was out of my pants and was about to pop out of the holster when I spun far enough to be able to see this kid, and what I saw was him just standing there, stock still. He must have just jumped down and landed on his feet, without even attempting to bend his knees or anything. He was once again standing as still as a statue, just staring at me. With the new view of NO lethal threat present, I stopped in mid draw. The gun was completely out of my pants, but the holster I use, a trigger guard on a string looped around my belt, was still attached. I felt that the string was tight, any more pressure and my GLOCK would be a few inches from low retention. I stared at him for maybe 2 full seconds, just waiting and listening. Waiting either for him to run toward me or away from me; and listening for any of his partners, if there were any, to move around the trench. It was so crazy. There I am standing with a gun in my hand, and he doesn’t appear to be excited at all. His face was blank, head still tilted down, still making direct eye contact. My eyes must have been as big as golf balls.

After a couple seconds, I realized that he wasn’t going to move, and that I needed to just take the initiative and check out the other side of the trench. I whipped back around - waited and listened for any movement at all for just a split second, and then I quickly moved to the end of the trench where it bent, and still without popping my pistol off the holster but also without putting it away, I glanced the corner. It was empty! This kid was alone. So, I sprinted down and exited the trench in case the kid tried to climb back up and jump over to close off the entrance, and I tucked my gun back into my pants and covered it with my shirt just before exiting the trench out onto the deserted river-side sidewalk.


Then, I jogged away from that whole scene as quickly as possible. I text messaged my friend and explained the incident and told him to find another exit whenever he left, then I called 911 and reported the suspicious person, telling them that I was carrying concealed at the time, and that I almost drew my gun on him when he startled me so bad, but adding that my pistol absolutely never left its holster- which it didn’t.


The reason I called and put this on record was in case he for some reason called 911 first, and accused me of brandishing or threatening. The 911 operator seemed understanding, and said they would send a patrol car down to investigate the person, and I left, never hearing another word about it.


I shared this story, once again to point out the Four Main Points of this Broadcast, and help to put them in clearer context:


1. If we do not condition ourselves to ACTION as our default response to a human threat, which can be done either at a gun range or with simple mental exercises, we run the risk of freezing when we encounter a human threat, and the freeze can last for 3, 5, 10, 20, or 60 seconds or more.


2. Even if we manage to condition ourselves so that ACTION is our default in a dangerous situation, we will still not be able to perform our draw stroke for the 1, 2 or 3 seconds that the ACTION response (fight or flight and/or scream) plays out – that is, UNLESS we ingrain our draw-stroke into our muscle memory.


3. Therefore, ingraining our draw-stroke, which can really be thought of as “fully automated handgun presentation appropriate given the distance of our threat,” is an extremely important and extremely prudent thing to do.


4. We have to condition our draw-strokes CORRECTLY. We cannot just mindlessly draw our handgun 1,000 times inside our homes while watching TV, or while looking out the window. We have to draw against realistic targets, holding fire when they do not depict life-threatening situations; and firing when they very clearly do. And we also have to do this at the various distances that would push us into the three shooting positions: low retention, high retention, and the full shooting position.


So, that’s it. That’s the end of this Guardian Broadcast, and I hope you found it worth your while.